What are the symptoms of sinus cancer?

Symptoms of sinus cancer often affect one side of the face and are similar to other, more common symptoms, such as allergic rhinitis. Sinus cancer is rare and accounts for only 3-5% of all head and neck cancers. This article reviews sinus cancer, its signs and symptoms, and more.

Are there early symptoms of sinus cancer?

An article published in 2021 claims that there may be no symptoms in the early stages of sinus cancer. Signs and symptoms begin to appear as the tumor grows. Some symptoms of sinus cancer are similar to those of a cold or another infection, which means that people may miss these symptoms.

The most common symptoms of sinus cancer are:

A stuffy nose that does not resolve
nosebleeds
– Decreased sense of smell
My nasal mucus may have blood on it
Postnasal drip, i.e. the flow of mucus into the back of the nose and throat.
If a person is concerned about their symptoms, they should contact a doctor.

At what stage is a person likely to notice symptoms of sinus cancer?

It’s unlikely that sinus cancer is large enough to cause symptoms until it has spread to other parts of the body. In stage III, the cancer begins to spread and move, and this is when it is most likely to cause noticeable symptoms.

symptoms

Sinus cancer can cause symptoms that affect the nose and eyes.

nose symptoms

Sinus cancer can cause:

Nasal congestion on one side of the nose that does not go away
nosebleeds
– Decreased sense of smell
My nasal mucus may have blood on it
Posterior nasal drip
– Pus draining from the nose
Nasal congestion, or even complete obstruction, that affects one side of the nose and does not go away, is one of the most common symptoms of sinus cancer.

eye symptoms

Sinus cancer can cause the following symptoms:

Total or partial vision loss
One eye bulge
– double vision
Pain above or below the eye
Constant tearing
Swelling of the conjunctiva, which is the tissue that covers the white of the eye.

Other symptoms

Other symptoms are as follows

Headache
moving teeth
Pain or pressure in one ear
Difficulty opening the mouth
A lump or growth that can develop anywhere on the face
Facial pain or numbness that does not go away
Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
hearing loss

Diagnosis

To diagnose sinus cancer, a doctor takes a person’s medical history and performs a physical exam. During the physical exam, he or she will check for:

Head and neck, including the nose
Facial numbness, swelling, pain, and firmness
Lymph nodes to determine if they are swollen
Eyes to check for changes in vision
Facial symmetry.

If they suspect cancer, they will refer the person to an ear, nose, and throat specialist. These medical professionals specialize in diseases of the ear, nose, and throat. An otolaryngologist performs an indirect endoscopy. A headlight and small mirrors are used to examine a person’s nose, throat, mouth, and tongue.

He may also order one or more of the following imaging tests:

Tomography (computed tomography)
X-ray of the face
MRI
orthopedic examination
pet examination
In addition to imaging tests, an otolaryngologist may order a biopsy. A biopsy involves removing a small piece of tissue to look for cancer. A doctor may order a biopsy among several types, including the following:

fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA)
Endoscopic biopsy or open biopsy
CT and excisional biopsies, which are minor surgical procedures to remove part or all of a tumor.

They may arrange additional tests to evaluate how the tumor affects the person. It may include:

speech tests
Blood tests
heart tests
Hearing tests

Odds and survival rates

The relative survival rate helps give an idea of ​​how long a person with a particular disease will live after being diagnosed, compared to people without that disease.
For example, if the 5-year survival rate is 70%, a person with the disease has a 70% chance of living for 5 years compared to a person without the disease, and it is important to remember that these numbers are estimates. A person can consult a medical professional to find out how their illness will affect them.

There are several factors that affect a person’s outlook, including

Tumor size
cancer stage
age
Public Health
The person’s response to treatment.

The 5-year survival rates for sinus cancer are as follows:

5-year relative survival rate
subtitled 85
Regional 52
far 42%.
All stages combined 58%.

When do you call the doctor?

Many of the symptoms associated with sinus cancer are the same or similar to many benign conditions that affect the nasal passages. A person is more likely to have a benign condition than cancer. However, a person should see a doctor if their symptoms worsen or do not go away.

Summary

Sinus cancer is a rare form of cancer. It causes similar symptoms to many different mild conditions, which can make it difficult to detect early based on your symptoms. The most common symptoms are nasal obstruction affecting one side of the face, nosebleeds, decreased sense of smell, postnasal drip, and mucus leakage from the nose.

* Presse Santé strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In any case, the information provided cannot replace the advice of a health professional.

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