What foods should I avoid during a gout attack?

Gout is the most common type of arthritis. It causes sudden, severe attacks as well as joint pain, often in the big toe. It can also affect the other toe joints, the ankle, or the knee. People with osteoarthritis of the fingers may have their first attack of gout in the joints of the fingers.

Men are three times more likely to develop gout than women. It tends to affect men after the age of forty and women after menopause. When they lose the protective effects of estrogen. The symptoms of gout can be confused with another type of arthritis called calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPD), which was previously called pseudogout.

What causes a gout attack?

A gout attack is usually caused by a buildup of uric acid in the blood. Uric acid is a waste product produced when the body breaks down purines.

Purines are found in many foods, including meat, seafood, and alcohol. When there is too much uric acid in the blood, it can form crystals in the joints, causing inflammation and pain. Crystals can also be deposited in the kidneys, where they can cause kidney stones. People who are overweight or have high blood pressure have an increased risk of developing gout attacks. Treatment often includes medications to lower blood levels of uric acid and relieve pain. In some cases, surgery may be needed to remove crystals from the joints.

What causes gout?

When uric acid builds up, either because the kidneys don’t excrete it as well as they should or because of excessive consumption of purine-rich foods. Uric acid can form needle-shaped crystals that lodge in joints, causing severe pain and sudden swelling.

Gout attacks usually peak after 12 to 24 hours. Then it slowly disappears on its own, whether it is treated or not. You may have only one gout attack in your life, or you may have it more frequently. In both cases, gout attacks must be treated, otherwise they can affect other joints. Because it can last longer and will be accompanied by more and more unbearable pain. Some people eventually develop tophi, which are large lumps of uric acid crystals that form in the soft tissues or bone around joints and can look like hard bumps.

A gout attack: Like any infection, it revolves around food.

Foods and drinks to avoid:

To calm gout attacks, it is best to avoid certain foods and drinks known to be high in purines. These include in particular:

  • Waste and bushmeat Organ meats such as kidney and liver, and game meat such as venison and wild birds are extremely high in purines.
  • Seafood and fish Crabs, shrimp, and other shellfish can cause gout flare-ups. But some fish such as trout, anchovies, and mackerel can also raise uric acid levels. However, fatty fish like salmon have excellent health benefits and are lower in purines than other fish. So it is good to eat it in moderation.
  • Alcohol : Alcohol tends to raise uric acid levels, and some types of alcohol (particularly beer) are worse than others. Likewise, high alcohol consumption can make it difficult to filter uric acid into your kidneys. Not only does uric acid increase in your body, but it also makes it more difficult to get rid of it. It is best to avoid beer, wine and alcoholic beverages.
  • sugary drinks Uric acid levels tend to be higher in people who drink sugary drinks regularly.

What foods and drinks should I eat if I have gout?

Eating a healthy, balanced diet is the best way to beat gout. Low-purine foods that can help reduce uric acid in the body include fruits (especially those rich in vitamin C), vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and low-fat dairy products.

Research shows that eating low-fat dairy products can lower uric acid in the blood. It can also reduce inflammation caused by uric acid crystals.

Although you can do it on your own when it comes to your diet. Sometimes it can be helpful to follow a certain diet program.

The best eating plan might include a diet that helps achieve and maintain weight loss. Like the DASH diet or the Mediterranean diet. Both diets emphasize low consumption of red meat, vegetable protein, and low saturated fat.

* Presse Santé strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In any case, the information provided cannot replace the advice of a health professional.

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