When blood does not flow properly to the brain, brain cells die. This is called a stroke. Many signs and symptoms are similar in men and women, although some occur more often in men.
Strokes are more common and more likely to die in women, while men tend to have strokes at a younger age.
Knowing all the symptoms, including those for men and women, can help a person seek life-saving medical care for someone who may be having a stroke.
In this article, we look at the warning signs and symptoms that men are most likely to experience. We also describe the recovery process.
There are a number of warning signs to look for if someone is having a stroke. These sudden symptoms include:
Numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body
Confusion and difficulty speaking and understanding speech
Difficulty seeing in one or both eyes
Difficulty walking, dizziness, loss of balance or lack of coordination
Severe headache with no known cause
An ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke. It involves a piece of plaque or a blood clot blocking an artery in the brain. Hemorrhagic strokes are less common and involve bleeding in the brain. Anyone can have a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or ‘mini-stroke’. These accidents can cause short-term stroke-like symptoms and can serve as a warning sign of stroke. A stroke stops blood flow to the brain, depriving brain cells of oxygen and nutrients. If a person does not receive immediate medical attention, they are at risk of permanent brain damage or death.
What do you do if a person has a stroke?
If a person suspects another person is having a stroke, they should contact emergency services immediately. Recognizing and treating a stroke early reduces the risk of brain damage or death. Within 4.5 hours of the onset of the stroke, the doctor may give medication to break up the clots. A person who thinks they are having a stroke should not drive.
Here are the most common symptoms and signs of a stroke, which are:
Facial sagging: A stroke can cause numbness or weakness on one side of the face. When a person with these symptoms tries to smile, only one side of their mouth can respond.
Arm weakness: A person with a transient ischemic attack or stroke may not be able to raise one or both arms above their head and hold them there.
Difficulty speaking: The person may have difficulty speaking, or his words may not make sense.
Time: If anyone develops any of the above symptoms, seek medical help immediately. A stroke is a medical emergency and prompt treatment can help prevent further brain damage.
A person having a stroke may have several symptoms or only one, such as unilateral weakness.
Other symptoms of a stroke are:
Women are more likely to report “atypical” symptoms such as dizziness, headache, and mental status changes, such as confusion. Men can also experience these symptoms. However, because men tend to have better known symptoms, bystanders and medical staff can recognize strokes faster in men, reducing the time between stroke and treatment.
Recovery after stroke in men
There are statistically significant differences in the rehabilitation of stroke patients and their discharge from hospital. These differences may indicate that clinicians need to consider a person’s gender and age when planning care.
Recovery after a stroke depends on several factors. Among them:
The area of the brain affected by the stroke
The length of time the oxygen and blood haven’t circulated properly
The general state of human health before the stroke.
Some people recover completely from a stroke and do not experience lasting effects. Others need physical therapy and long-term medications. These medicines can:
– Lowers blood pressure
– Lowers cholesterol
A stroke can affect anyone, but there are certain factors that increase a person’s risk of having a stroke. It is important to know your risk factors so that you can take certain steps to reduce this risk. These factors are:
Age: The older a person is, the more narrow and hard the arteries are likely to be. This can cause atherosclerosis, that is, blockage of the arteries.
Medical conditions: Certain conditions increase the risk of stroke, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol.
Lifestyle factors: Certain behaviors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and an unhealthy diet can damage blood vessels.
Family history: If a first-degree relative has had a stroke, the risk is likely to be higher.
Pregnancy and the use of birth control pills can put women at risk of stroke.
You should talk to a doctor if close relatives have had a stroke or heart attack, as some types of high cholesterol can be hereditary.
Stroke is dangerous, regardless of gender. Men with risk factors such as high blood pressure and a history of smoking have an increased risk. However, the causes of a stroke can sometimes be avoided. A person can significantly reduce their risk by quitting smoking, reducing alcohol intake, and eating a balanced and nutritious diet.
* Presse Santé strives to impart medical knowledge in a language accessible to all. In no way can the information provided replace medical advice.
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